Faith and Reason- Journey of the Soul

“Faith and reason are both sources of authority upon which beliefs can rest” according to the philosophical way of thinking. Although reason is considered as the principles of methodological inquiry, be it intellectual, moral, aesthetic or religious, it explains and satisfies the curiosity of men in some instances. But man’s logic in understanding the spiritual side of things, requires faith for the most part. Faith, however, according to the Bible, is the assurance of things hope for, being the proof of things we do not see and the conviction of their reality (Heb. 11:1). Faith is not demonstrable by reason. How then can faith and reason be mutually related in the process by which a religious belief is justified? Hardly.  Man’s intellect and logic are humanistic, and apart from the spiritual understanding, which is gained after the acceptance of the gift of salvation through the sacrifice of our Savior, YAHSHUA. What is flesh, is fleshly; what is spiritual, is spiritual. The Bible tells us not to lean on our own understanding, our own reasoning, but to acknowledge God in all things, and that has to do with faith. We must accept the Scripture without regard to logic and reason. Although, reason can be an essential part of our faith, it must be in agreement with biblical teachings, and sometimes, when there is no understanding in reasoning biblical facts, faith must be the guide to our acceptance of it. For reasoning should be based in the principles of God’s Word, from where we receive His promises, teachings, His joy and peace. “Let not your hearts be troubled, YAHSHUA uttered to His disciples… believe in God, believe also in Me. In My father’s house there are many dwelling places. If it were not so, I would have told you, for I am going away to prepare a place for you” (John 14:1-2).

The mind senses are many times irrational and many times mistakes happen as a result. Faith is necessary for reasoning biblical teachings; Paul said, Now the mind of the flesh [which is sense and reason without the Holy Spirit] is death; but the mind of the Holy Spirit is life and peace; because the mind of the flesh [with its canal thoughts and purposes] is hostile to God, for it does not submit itself to God’s Law; indeed it cannot (Rom 8:6-7). Paul asked the question, Who has known the mind of the Lord and who has understood His thoughts, or who has been His counselor? (Rom. 11:34). Reasoning faith by those who are led by the Holy Spirit, constitutes harmony and satisfactory answers to those who seek to know the whys of a life of faith. But reasoning faith by those who do not have the Holy Spirit, the results are not the same. For the mind of the flesh can never understand the ways of God; it cannot discern the spiritual things that satisfies the whys of the faith.

When the Patriarch Job was put to the test, he could not understand the reason why for his sufferings. Nothing made sense to him, as he was a righteous man before God and men. Reasoning the facts, it did not seem fair for him to go through such an ordeal, which should happen only as a result of judgment upon a wicked person. Nevertheless, Job maintained his integrity through it all, as he kept his faith in God active. In the acceptance of his ordeal, he uttered these words, Oh, that the words I now speak were written! Oh, that they were inscribed in a book! That with an iron pen and lead they were graven in the rock forever! For I know that my Redeemer and Vindicator lives, and at last He will stand upon the earth. And after my skin, even this body, has been destroyed, then from my flesh or without it I shall see God, Whom I, even I, shall see for myself and on my side! And my eyes shall behold Him, and not as a stranger! My heart pines away and it is consumed within me (Job 19:23- 27). Faith stood stronger than reason in Job’s life in time of his trials. At the end of his trials, and after God reasoned with him concerning Who He was, Job repented and said, I had heard of You by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees You. Therefore, I loathe and abhor myself and repent in dust and ashes. God blessed Job’s latter days more than his beginning. (Job 42:5-6,12). Faith can be lost in the midst of our reasonings when it is weak, or when we do not know God’s Word. Reason without faith is vague and incomplete; it never provides complete satisfaction to the mind. For this reason, many abandon the belief of the truth of God’s existence, to embrace false, powerless and non-existent gods. They will never satisfy their quest to understand truth through seeking reason as the ultimate solution.

The Christian theistic framework is a secure anchor for those who faithfully follow God’s teachings; this framework leaves no gaps in its reasonings, for truth begins with Him and ends in Him. The world constantly demands answers concerning our faith in its irrational and sarcastic attitude. The worldview carries volumes of ideas and theories with gaps needed to be filled. A paradigm of it is the theory of evolution. How one reason the origin of man to have come from a fish, when first men were created, not born, formed from dust and given God’s breath and image? Where was the fish in that picture and everything else that developed into a human being, and how do they explain DNA? Their views have great gaps in satisfying the question of men’s origin, meaning and destiny. The big “boom” theory is another paradigm needed great lengths of reasoning without coming to the point of satisfaction, because of unanswered questions in their atheistic way of justifying how the world was created. The well-educated and well-informed in definite fields, but not in the knowledge of God’s Word, has only world knowledge, and lacks spiritual understanding.  Many reason faith philosophically in their deep thinking of what religion means to them; the deeper they go, the darker it gets, for lacking the principles that guide them to truth: The Word of God in their heart.

Look around, perceive that science and creation go hand in hand. They are in harmony, for they both originated from God. Although, some scientists embrace science as if science originated from them, when they declare themselves to be atheists and remove God from His position of Creator. As Ravi Zachariah said, “God has put enough into the world to make faith in Him a most reasonable thing.”  And that is strong enough evidence for the world to follow.

Faith is invisible, it shows itself in our action and behavior, in our words. It cannot be reasoned by the world, for it is not tangible. But to us, faith is coherent, it is rationally livable, it is the link to God’s promise we wait for. Faith is not seeing and believing, but is not seeing but believing. We perceive as reality that which is not perceived by our senses. Someday, faith will bring reality to the things we hoped for, without the need of reasoning; all will be clearly understood. Faith then, is the victory that will conquer the world’s theories and beliefs.

Author: Jacinta da Cruz Rodgers

I have been committed to teaching the truth of the Word of God beginning with Trans World Radio on Bonaire, N.A and Swaziland, Africa (1969-1980), then through churches in the United States in both English and Portuguese and then through ministry in Israel (2005-2006). This ministry continues through local Bible studies and outreach to the world via the internet. I have written a book about my life from that of an orphan in Brazil to missionary in 5 countries. You can find out more on the "Book" page of our blog site.

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